Pharmaceutical uses of resins

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Pharmaceutical uses of resins

Today, life as a pioneer is quite easy and comfortable, all thanks to the latest technology, modified communication channels and commuting mediums. A Pioneer is the one who is the first to explore a new area or is the one who develop or be the first to use or apply. Pioneers are also called as an initiator, pathfinder and trailblazer. They were true survivalists. Early Pioneers solely used to be dependent on Tree resin.

Tree resin is the hydrocarbon secretion of many plants, generally of coniferous trees like cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, pines, hemlocks etc.

They are also a very important source of raw material for the organic synthesis that normally is ingredients of famous incense and perfumes. Initial tree resin concept and its uses are found from the ancient Greece history by Theophrastus. They were important substance in the Greek culture used as incense in their religious rites. One class of tree resin is also called as Amber which is a hard fossilized resin, generally taken out from ancient trees. People normally confuse themselves with tree resin and tree sap.

Tree sap is the sugars in the phloem cells of the woody part of the tree. On the other hand, resin is the type of liquid used to clog the hole created. While sap is yellowish and gummy in liquid form, resin is generally transparent or reddish colored very hard glassy sticky liquid.

A tree resin produced by most of the trees looks like a goofy liquid having traces of volatile fluid known as terseness and non volatile components which make it look thick and sticky. The hard tree resins, which are transparent, are used for varnishes and adhesives like Cpals, Dammars, mastic and sandarac. The softer tree resins and gummy resins are used for therapeutic purposes and incense as they contain essential oils.

Another class of resin called as rosin is applied to string instruments bow for increasing and improving the sound quality of the instrument. Tree resins in the ancient times were also used by sculptors and artists for various purposes. Today, tree resin is used across the globe for more than five thousand purposes, which also include cover for bowling balls and stereo lithography.

Extraction of tree resin is a tedious and time consuming job. The extraction time period may vary from months to years. The process of tree resin extraction consists of firstly incising the outer layer of the trees.

The resin circulates throughout the coniferous tree, and from the damaged layer pours out continuously but slowly. A small bucket is attached to the incised portion, and resin is slowly dripped out in the bucket. It is collected for months or years and then taken for processing.

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After the completion of one cycle, another incising is done, within a span of two to three weeks of the removal. Today, new high tech extraction methods, have been developed, which make use of technical machinery for the process of extraction, helping in cutting down the labor cost and time period. However, the important thing that one must keep in mind before extraction process is that the chemical compounds which resin is composed of, and which tree produces which kind of resins.

The Complete Guide To Plastic Resins

For example, blue lotus includes alkaloids that will only pull out into alcohol and so on. There are various methods of extraction as well, like steam distillation, which is generally used to extract essential oils from plants. In this process, the plant material is placed over the pressurized steam which passes through the plant material. The steam causes the globules of oil in the plant to burst and due to heat, gets evaporated, which later end is condensed and is collected.

Another extraction method is Maceration which is used to get infused oil from plants. Cold processing is another way of tree resin extraction. It is specially done for extraction from citrus rinds such as orange, lemon and etc. Besides thistree resins are considered to be a rich source for historical and scientific researches. It has been found that the tree resins capture the evolution of feather on dinosaurs and birds. Also, tree resins are the key evidence of current and historic insect invasions.

Beauty and health products have found its wide use today.JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser.

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For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. In today's world, we are surrounded by plastics, also known as plastic resins. Their popularity and overwhelming use are attributed to the fact that their properties and design technologies provide your customers with benefits beyond any other materials. Plastic resins are not any one material, but a family of related materials with various properties that can be formed to meet the requirements for the bottles, containers, closures, and caps used for your drugs, vitamins, and other pharmaceutical and medical products.

The success of any of your products is often dependent on choosing the correct plastic resin and its corresponding properties to best hold the individual product. Plastic resins are created by heating hydrocarbons in a process known as the "cracking process. The amount of these two compounds produced will depend on the cracking temperature used.

The monomers then undergo polymerization reactions that produce polymer resins. These are collected and processed further. This processing can include the addition of dyes, flame-retardant chemicals, or plasticizers.

Following the completion of the cracking process, the compounds are formed into chains known as polymers. Each different polymer is combined to make the plastic resin that has the characteristics for various applications that in turn make the bottles, containers, closures, and caps for your products. Once the various hydrocarbons are obtained from cracking, they are further processed to make hydrocarbon monomers and carbon monomers such as styrene and polyvinyl chloride that are used in plastic resins.

The polymer resins are then processed into the final plastic products. They are heated, molded, and allowed to cool. Depending on the products desired, there are several processes involved in this stage. The final polymer resins are generally in the forms of beads or pellets.

A process known as injection molding is used to form your bottle caps while blow molding is used to make your plastic bottles. Plastic resins have a wide range of uses across a large number of industries. For the pharmaceutical industry, there are several that are currently being used. Polyethylene terephthalate PET is a durable material that offers outstanding clarity, good impact and scratch resistance, high gloss finish and good barrier properties.Our always-ready technical support and service teams go the extra step to be your most trusted resource.

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Cannabis Resin Uses: The Complete Guide

Purolite has been manufacturing and selling to the generic pharmaceutical market for over three decades. Generics are off-patent drugs that are bioequivalent to branded medications in terms of dosage, strength, quality, form, effect, intended use, side effects, and route of administration. Our resins are used in drug formulations as active pharmaceutical ingredients APIs or excipients. The production of all pharmaceutical products must adhere to strict guidelines.

We provide support to allow rapid filing and approval by the FDA. Cholestyramine is taken orally to reduce blood cholesterol, while sodium polystyrene sulfonate, is taken to control blood potassium to prevent hypokalemia.

Purolite provides value to these mature markets in many ways including the stability of supply. We continue to invest in the expansion and maintenance of four cleanroom operations as well as analytical and quality-related systems. Excipients Purolite excipients can be used in drug formulations as taste-masking agents, drug carriers and tablet disintegrants.

The excipients are often used in off-patented products as well as for new formulations.

pharmaceutical uses of resins

In addition to their application as active pharmaceutical ingredients, excipients, ion exchange resins and polymeric adsorbents can be used in a wide variety of pharmaceutical applications including extraction and purification of enzymes, hormones, alkaloids, viruses, antibiotics, and treatment of fermentation products.

Ion exchange copolymer beads are also used in nanoparticle milling of pharmaceutical products. The media is clean, safe and scalable to optimize milling processes, and is available in two purity grades to address the needs of process requirements. PuroMill low-density polymeric media significantly reduces contamination due to low extractables and leachables, as well as particles developed due to attrition, while curtailing the risk of hydraulic packing.

Use for high shear milling with conventional or novel equipment for creating nanoparticles. It is also used for biological cell disruption in biopharmaceutical applications. High Purity Water High purity ion exchange resins are used in extraction and purification processes or for the production of water for injectables. Application Guide.

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Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Application Guide.Common in most of the United States and Canada, pine trees also grow in other parts of the world, such as China. There are many varieties of pine trees, yet all leach a sap when damaged or scratched called resin, also referred to as pitch.

Pine resin has a host of different uses, including as a sealant, glue, and varnish. It is distilled into rosin, which is used to promote a better grip between objects, and oil of turpentine, which is used as a solvent and as a paint thinner. There are medicinal uses of pine resin, or pitch, as well. Native Americans have used pine resin to treat rheumatism because of its anti-inflammatory properties.

The resin acts to remove the joint inflammation caused by rheumatism, which helps to restore movement and to alleviate pain. The Costanoan Indians gained these benefits by chewing on the gum-like resin. A traditional use for pine resin has been as an external treatment for burns and sores.

The ointment did not cause irritation or allergic reactions. During the Civil War, the Confederate surgeon Francis Porter used pine resin as a stimulant, diuretic, and laxative. In China the resin from a particular pine tree is used to treat abscesses. Resin from the spruce tree was used by colonial Americans as a cold and cough remedy, as well as straight from the tree as a cancer treatment. Physicians in colonial America also recommended tar water, or ground pine resin mixed with water, as a remedy for ulcers, smallpox, and syphilis.

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While camping out for weeks at a time, my uncle always hikes out into the area of pine forests surrounding our campsite. But, I never realized how many other uses there were for pine resin. Please note, I take no credit for this article.

Medicinal Uses of Resins

It was originally run on beforeitsnews. Pine trees produce sap to seal up cuts or damages to the tree. So, if you ever find yourself lost in a wilderness environment while hikinghaving pine forests in the area is one of the best case scenarios you can hope for.

Different species of pine trees have different needs and environment but they generally prefer open and sunny areas. They grow in a wide range of landscape and climate all throughout the world.

You will identify where pine trees are according to the environment.

pharmaceutical uses of resins

A well-draining and sandy soil are where pine trees often grow. You can also identify pine trees by looking at their structure. They have softer needles that grow in clusters and cones that hangs toward the ground. Make sure you know how to collect pine resin safely first before scratching into trees.

Look for the damaged part of the pine tree because it will be where the resin production is. The resin will be dry and hardened but softens with heat. If you have to damage the tree, do it in a small area on one side only. More importantly, take only as much resin as you will need and leave some on the tree to protect the cut from boring insects.

Join PatriotPlanet. Native Americans used pine sap for medicinal purposes. It is common knowledge to be very effective in treating stomach ulcers and rheumatoid arthritis. Pine tree sap medicinal uses are common to locals, but modern medical experts have not verified the medicinal benefits of pine resin, yet. One is the sale and manufacture of pine resin incense which is an effective natural mosquito repellent. Help yourself to more uses for pine resin. First off, you need to know the medicinal uses of resin.

Directly apply pine resin over the wound to stem blood flow almost at once. The resin will also inhibit the growth and spread of bacteria because of its sticky nature, denying the bacteria the moisture it needs to survive. Just leave the resin in place until it dries out and then peel it out. The resin will close the wound up the same way stitches would and you may reapply resin as needed.

Furthermore, here is an in-depth look into the use of pine resin for treating wounds. Another useful item in the tree resin uses list is making things waterproof. First, heat the resin to liquid form and then apply it to the material you want to make impervious to water like the lower half of your hiking boots.

You can also use resin to seal seams, repair holes in shoes, boats, or structures to prevent leaks.Resins are complex, lipid-soluble mixtures of various compounds. Usually, a resin is made up of a diterpenoid-and triterpenoid-containing nonvolatile fraction, as well as a volatile fraction. In the more common terpenoid resins, monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids predominate in the volatile fraction. Oleoresins are resins that contain a particularly high terpenoid volatile fraction, making them particularly fluid.

In the less common phenolic resins, hydrophobic flavonoids and phenyl-propanoids predominate.

pharmaceutical uses of resins

Resins are usually secreted by specialized structures in woody angiosperms. All resins are sticky and harden when exposed to the air. They produce fragrant smoke when burned and thus are commonly used as incense frankincense and myrrh are resins used for this purpose.

Amber is fossilized resin. Balsams are highly fragrant resins that tend to stay relatively soft at room temperature. Gums and mucilages are not resins but instead are thick, sticky mixtures of polysaccharides.

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Sometimes, gums and resins intermix to form gum resins, but these are formed separately and are chemically distinct. Latex is also not a resin but is instead an even more complex chemical mixture produced by distinct secretory tissues within the plant that are separate from resins.

It is not surprising that given their diverse chemical makeup, the medicinal actions of resins vary enormously. Generally speaking, most resins are antimicrobial and wound healing in animals and in the plants that secrete them. This has been shown, for example, with balsam of Peru, the resin of Myroxylon balsamum var. Balsam of Peru also speeds healing of radiation burns when applied topically. Topical application of pine resin to wounds and burns has been shown to stimulate local immune function, normalize wound hemodynamics, and stimulate squamous epithelialization.

Beyond this, resins from different plants can have a wide array of effects. For example, frankincense, the gum resin of Boswellia serrata, is well documented as an inflammation modulator that is helpful in asthma and ulcerative colitis ; this is attributed at least in part to its inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase. The gum resin of Commiphora molmol myrrh is antiparasiticanalgesicand antineoplastic. Resins also find widespread use outside of medicine as varnishes, lacquers, waterproofing agents, adhesives, and precursor materials for industrial chemical production.

Resins are generally safe Select Resin-Rich Herbs. Contact allergy to balsams is relatively common. In one series, roughly 1 in human patients patch-tested positive to tincture of benzoin, with 1 in having an intense reaction. More problematic are the resins of the Anarcardiaceae family, such as the all-too-familiar Toxicodendron radicans poison ivywhich can cause severe type 4 hypersensitivity reactions in susceptible animals.

Related posts. Tanacetum parthenium L. Schultz Family Compositae is a member of a genus of 14 species native to Europe and Asia; it has several synonyms: e.Ion Exchange Resins are polymers capable of exchanging ions with a solution that is passed through them.

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